Mexico comprises a geographical area slightly less than three times the state of Texas. It is sandwiched between the U.S. in the north, and Guatemala and Belize in the south. Mexico’s western border is the Pacific Ocean and the eastern border is the Gulf of Mexico. The climate ranges from tropical to desert. The lowest elevation is 33’ below sea level, rising to over 18,000’ at Orizaba. The terrain is a mix of high rugged mountains, low coastal plains, high plateaus, and deserts.
The population of Mexico is nearly 115 million people, with over 46% under 24 years old. Only 13.4% of the population is over 55 years old. The median age is 27.4 years old. The population is growing slowly at 1.086% despite the high birth rate of 18.9 births per 1,000 population, which offsets the mortality rate of 4.9 deaths per 1,000 population, and the net migration of -3.11 per 1,000 population. 78% of the population lives in urban areas.
Mexico Living Conditions
- Medical care is within reach of Mexicans living in urban areas, There are 2.9 doctors for every 1,000 people (versus the U.S. with 2.3 doctors for every 1,000 people).
- 10% of the urban and 32% rural population lives without improved sanitation facilities.
- Risk of disease from waterborne and vectorborne sources is intermediate.
- Literacy is low with 86.1 % of the population over 15 years old being able to read and write. The average time spent in school is 14 years.
- The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is $15,300 per capita, but income is highly skewed. The top 10% of earners account for 41.4% of consumption, while the bottom 10% account for only 1.5% of consumption.
- 51.3% of the population lives below the poverty line.
- 10% of the under 24 year old population is unemployed, while unemployment for the population as a whole averages 4.5%.
- The annual inflation rate is 4.1%.
Guidelines has been involved in ministry in Mexico since 1973. Read more about the ministry Guidelines supports in Mexico: Gama Canul.